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1867 Revenue Stamps

On 1 January 1867, New Zealand issued its first revenue (fiscal) stamps for the payment of stamp duty.

The first seven years of their use overlapped that of the Chalons and so, as well as being of interest in their own right, they give additional information on Chalon papers and perforations.

There were two dies with the second die being produced in 1871.

Plates, perforations and watermarks

1d

The revenue stamps were all printed from the same plates with the value being printed separately in a different colour at the top and bottom of the stamps.

The illustrated stamp is dated 3 January 1867 and so is a very early example.

The die and electrotypes were produced in Sydney, but the plates were assembled and the stamps printed in Wellington at the Government Printing Office. The stamps were in sheets of 100 organised in two panes of 50.

8d 8d

Imperforate and perf 12½

The original issue was imperforate while stamps perforated 12½ appeared in May 1867.

The various unofficial separations (roulettes, serrates and the semi-official perf 13 at Dunedin) that exist with the Chalons also appear on the fiscal stamps.

From 1871, stamps appeared perf 10 both on its own and in combination with perf 12½.

monogram monogram

Monogram

A paper watermarked NZ had been produced for the Chalon stamps in 1864, but had not proved popular with the printer, John Davies. The remaining stocks of that paper were used for the initial printing of the revenue stamps.

The 1s, 2s and 4s stamps were also issued in January 1867 on thick paper impressed with a NZ monogram. The 2s and 4s stamps were orange-red and deep blue rather than the orange-red and green of the main issue.

From March 1867, stamps were issued watermarked large star. In July 1867, the stamps were produced on papers with a larger NZ and the colours were changed.

Denominations

Original colours - imperforate, first issued January 1867

No less than 67 different denominations were issued ranging from 1d to 10. The original colours are shown below. The low values were 1d, 2d, 4d, 6d, 8d and 1/-. A range of different colours were used with the 1d.

1d 1d 1d

6d 8d 1/-

Example low denominations

There were then the denominations 1/4, 1/6, 1/8 and 2/- and that pattern was repeated for each of the shilling values up to 10/-. Some denominations exist with small and with large values and letters in the top panel.

There were then values from 12/6 to 1.10s in steps of 2/6, a 1.15s value, then in steps of 10/- from 2 to 10 and finally in steps of 5 to 50.

Examples are given below. Some of the denominations were seldom used and only exist imperforate.

2/- 2/6 3/- 4/-

monogram 5/- 6/8 6

Example higher denominations

Original colours - perforated, first issued May 1867

1d 8d 1d 1d

3/4 6/- 7/- 7/-

10/- 15/- 25/- 1.10 5

Example values

New colours - perforated, first issued July 1867

New colours for some values were introduced from July 1867. For example, orange-red and green was replaced by rose and blue.

1d 2d 6d 1/-

2/- 3/- 3/- 6/8 20

New die

die 1 die 2

Dies I and II

A second die was produced in Melbourne in 1871 although again the plates were assembled and all printing took place in Wellington. The two dies differed significantly at the top.

Stamps perf nearly 12 appeared in 1874. Stamps exist from the earlier perf 12½ and 10 machines which were used both separately and in combination with each other and with the new perforation head.

There are fewer different denominations than with Die I. The low values are 1d, 2d, 6d, 8d and 1/-.

1d 1d 6d 1/-

The higher values are 2/-, 2/6, 3/-, 4/-, 5/-, 6/-, 10/-, 15/-, 1, 1/10/-, 2, 2/10/-, 3, 4, 5, 10, 15, 25, 30 and 50.

2/- 2/6 4/- 6/-

10/- 15/- 1 50/-

Example denominations

In addition, very high values were printed specially when required.

New issue

The issue was replaced in 1880 by a new design of fiscal stamps which was to remain in use until 1931.

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The above information is taken from The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Vol 6, published by the Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand in 1977. All scans were made by the author.
A large number of other examples and an online catalogue is at: New Zealand Revenue Stamps.