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1940 Centennial Issue

The Centennial Issue was issued in 1940 to celebrate the centenary of British sovereignty.

The plates were produced by Bradbury, Wilkinson & Co who recess printed the stamps in the UK. The stamps were issued on 2 January 1940 and the second pictorials were withdrawn from sale.

The aim was that this issue was to be the definitive issue during 1940 after which they would be withdrawn and the second pictorials put back on sale. However, due to wartime conditions, they remained on sale until stocks were exhausted which, except for the ½d and 1½d values, was during 1941.

half penny 1d pennyhalfpenny

two pence twopencehalfpenny three pence

four pence five pence six pence

seven pence 1/- nine pence

The 2½d and 5d values were issued in sheets of 160 while the other values were in sheets of 120. They were watermarked multi NZ and star. The 2½d value was perf 14 x 13½, the 5d was perf 13½ x 14 while the other values were perf 13½.

eight pence

Due to the increase in postal rates in World War II, the 7d value was no longer required while an 8d value was needed for parcel post. The 7d value was withdrawn on 7 March 1940 and an 8d value, in the same design and colour as the 7d, was issued the next day.

ten pence

Due to changes in postal rates, there was little demand for the ½d and 1½d values. The ½d value was eventually withdrawn on 31 May 1946.

New Zealand introduced an airgraph service with a postal rate of 10d. To satisfy this, the remaining stocks of the 1½d Centennial value were withdrawn on 31 January 1944 and 3,842,280 were surcharged 10d. The surcharged stamp was issued on 1 May 1944. The need for the 10d stamp did not last very long as the airgraph fee was reduced from 10d to 3d on 24 August 1944.

The total numbers printed are given below with the numbers subsequently overprinted Official given in brackets. The 5d and 7d were not overprinted.

dot ½d: 38,040,000 (1,082,760) dot 1d: 79,279,920 (3,452,880) dot 1½d: 11,552,000 (361,200) with 3,842,280 surcharged 10d

dot 2d: 117,180,000 (6,960,360) dot 2½d: 2,280,000 (241,600) dot 3d: 8,760,000 (904,200)

dot 4d: 3,840,000 (481,200) dot 5d: 3,280,000 dot 6d: 6,480,000 (661,200)

dot 7d: 1,140,000 with 591,608 sold dot 8d: 3,600,000 (240,840) dot 9d: 2,640,000 (241,200) dot 1/-: 3,978,360 (372,840)

Official ff variety

seven pence

normal

seven pence

ff joined

Apart from the 5d, 7d and 10d values, the stamps were overprinted Official. With the ½d, 1d, 2d, 3d, 4d, 6d and 8d values, a variety occurs at row 1/10 in which the ff is joined while normally there is a gap between.

This variety initially occurred at row 4/3 in the 2½d value. The forme used for overprinting the 2½d value contained 160 stereos and one stereo, by mistake, was the same as that used for overprinting the second pictorial in which the ff is joined. A single forme was used for overprinting all the other stamps (except the 1/-) and, as it became worn, a new forme was created using the stereos from the 2½d value and that included the one with the ff joined. This was noticed fairly quickly and so not many sheets include this error.

half pence ff 1d ff 2d ff

The ff variety in pair with normal

First day cover

This first day cover, addressed to South Africa, has the complete set issued on 2 January.

fdc

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The above information is taken from The Postage Stamps of New Zealand Vol 2, published by the Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand in 1950. All scans were made by the author.